Teddy Roosevelt proclaimed it "The Jewel of the Delta."
Booker T. Washington praised it as a model of "thrift and self-government."
Mound Bayou, in the Mississippi Delta: a town founded in 1887 by former slaves, with a vision that was revolutionary for its time.
From the start, it was designed to be a self-reliant, autonomous, all-black community.
For decades, Mound Bayou thrived and prospered, becoming famous for empowering its black citizens. The town also became known as a haven from the virulent racism of the Jim Crow South.